Pediatric Nutrition

Pediatric nutrition is that the maintenance of a correct well-symmetrical diet consisting of the essential nutrients and therefore the capable caloric intake necessary to market growth and sustain the physiologic requirements at the various stages of a child's development. Infant nutritional needs vary considerably with age, level of recreation, and environmental conditions and that they are directly associated with the speed of growth. During the infant stage the need for calories is greater than any postpartum stage due to rapid increase in both height and weight. In general the typical child expands 55% of energy on metabolic maintenance, 25% on activity, 12% growth, and eight on excretion.

• Nutritional requirements

• Overweight and obesity

• Malnutrition

• Eating disorders

• Food allergies and intolerances

• Nutrition in pregnancy and lactation